My Editing Service

Charlotte Hughes - Award Winning Author

Editing and Critiques


NY Times Best Selling Author Charlotte Hughes

Manuscript Edits and Critiques by appointment 

Editing Services, Proofreading, and Critiques - Author Charlotte Hughes Explains the Differences in Terms


Critiques of manuscripts rarely involve much editing, and indeed any editing done as part of a critique is a bonus provided on top of the critical analysis. The author may well edit several lines or some dialogue to illustrate where some changes would be helpful, but critiques look at more of a macro level: at how the work as a whole hangs together, and how the constituent parts of the manuscript succeed or fail in their efforts. Most of the comments look at factors like point of view, over writing, character development, conflict, foreshadowing, plotting, tone and pace.

As a published author with several New York Times best selling novels, in several genres, Charlotte Hughes has an eye for what works. Her experience judging competitions and her knowledge of the publishing industry make her uniquely situated to provide feedback.

Proofreading and Editing

editing services manuscript critiquesProofreading is a term that is often confused with copy editing, but is actually quite different. While copy editing (also known sometimes as line editing) looks at a manuscript in greater depth, proofreading traditionally looks instead at galleys or page proofs, checking them against the manuscript and picking up mistakes that got through the previous edit.

Proofreading also look for spelling errors, typos and other obvious errors like punctuation.  Proofreading is done just prior to a manuscript being sent off, after the copy editor has done the deeper editing, and well after the writer is satisfied with the content. The proofreader mostly acts as a second set of eyes.

Copy editors have a tougher job, and are usually well versed in the various style manuals. They often have degrees in English or considerable experience, and copy editors are paid better. In addition to the things that a proofreader looks at, a copy editor is watching for factual errors, consistency and formatting. Indeed, the copy editor is typically the one who develops the style sheet and addresses design issues just prior to the printing and preparation of the galley.

Copy editing, or line editing, in addition to proofreading, looks at  consistency of style. If it's "South Carolina" in Chapter one, it should not be "SC" in Chapter three. Did you call the aunt "Maggie" in Chapter two, but then "Millie" in Chapter six? Should that important meeting be on a Friday in New York, but the protagonist is still in LA Friday morning? Your copy editor (hopefully) catches these kinds of errors. Copy editors usually query the author about changes they make. 

A full and formal edit can involve much more depth, and this type of heavy editing takes more time and skill, and also typically costs more dearly. While not delving much into areas best left to critiques, nevertheless the editor will improve the quality and flow of the work, and remove the redundancies and the overwriting. This type of editor might boldly make some changes in the context could impact the overall meaning, if it enhances the manuscript. Sentences and even whole paragraphs can be deleted, and legal considerations, good taste, and confusion are all considered. Tone, structure, and character are often addressed. While this type of editor is not expected to attend to the details a copy editor does, the good editors usually note these problems when they see them as well.














editing service proofreading and critiques








          Charlotte Hughes